Confusing words: Know someone vs. Meet someone, Alone vs. Lonely, To feel cold vs. To have a cold, Desert vs. Dessert
Let's focus on some confusing words.
"know someone" versus "meet someone"
If you "know someone", you have met them before.
know someone (be familiar)
know somebody/something - to be familiar with a person, place, thing, etc.
If you "meet someone", you see them and speak to them for the first time.
meet someone (for the first time)
meet (somebody) – to see and know somebody for the first time; to be introduced to somebody
You also "meet someone" if you plan to see that person at a later time.
"alone" versus "lonely"
If you are "alone", no one is with you.
alone / on your own / by yourself (on my own / by myself)
(which are less formal and are the normal phrases used in spoken English), describe a person or thing that is separate from others. They do not mean that the person is unhappy.
without any other people
If you are "lonely", you feel depressed and sad because no one is with you. "Lonely" is all about your feelings. You may feel lonely even when there are people around you.
unhappy because you have no friends or people to talk to
"Lonely" also refers to places where only a few people ever visit.
"to feel cold" versus "to have a cold"
If you "feel cold", you are not warm. You feel cold when it is winter outside or even at home if there is no heating.
If you "have a cold", you are sick and you sneeze a lot.
"desert" versus "dessert"
desert BrE /ˈdezət/ ; NAmE /ˈdezərt/
A "desert" is a large area of land that has very little water and very few plants growing on it.
Many deserts are covered by sand.
dessert BrE /dɪˈzɜːt/ ; NAmE /dɪˈzɜːrt/
A "dessert" is food that is sweet and often eaten at the end of a meal.
PAY ATTENTION TO:
I. Choose the correct answer.
1. He says he’s really ill, but I think he just has / feels a cold.
2. Hey, don’t I know / meet you from somewhere? Weren’t we at school together?
3. Do you see that man over there? I’m sure I’ve met / known him before.
4. OK, so you want a steak for the main course, but what would you like for dessert/ desert?
5. Her parents lived in South Africa when she was younger, and when she went to visit, she often went on the plane lonely / alone.
6. Could you come round to my house? I’ve got no one to talk to and I’m feeling really lonely / alone.
7. Could we close the window, please? I am feeling cold / have a cold.
8. We almost died as we were travelling through the dessert / desert with very little water.
1. has; 2. know; 3. met; 4. dessert; 5. alone; 6. lonely; 7. feeling cold; 8. desert;
II. Fill the gaps with know or meet in the correct form.
1. I ............... her in London last summer.
2. I’ve ............... him for a year now.
3. Although I didn’t ............... anyone at the party, I quickly made new friends.
4. Sarah ............... a lot of nice people on her trip to Iceland.
5. Do you ............... anyone living in Shanghai?
6. Have you ever ............... anyone famous in the USA?
7. Do you ............... anyone famous?
8. I’m sure I’ve .............. you somewhere before.
9. How long have you ............... her?
10. Let’s ............... under the station clock at 10 a.m. and then go for a snack somewhere.
1. met; 2. known; 3. know; 4. met; 5. know; 6. met; 7. know; 8. met; 9. known; 10. meet;
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