Photo by Owen Cavlys (One Wilshire Building, LA, USA)
Today, more than half of the world's population lives in an urban area.
In this lesson, we are going to focus on the push and pull factors of migration, the challenges people face when moving to cities as well as the effects on cities and existing city dwellers.
Push factors are the reasons people leave the countryside.
Here are some main reasons why people leave rural areas.
Causes of mass migration are the push factors which include:
Pull factors are the reasons people move to the city.
Let's look at some key points why people are attracted to urban areas.
Causes of mass migration are the pull factors which include:
CHALLENGES WHICH PEOPLE FACE WHEN MOVING TO CITIES:
Rapid urbanisation can come at a cost for cities, let alone to the people who live there.
SOME OF THE EFFECTS OF MIGRATION ON EXISTING CITY DWELLERS:
Click below to read some of our IELTS related lessons:
Discourse Markers for IELTS Speaking and Everyday English
IELTS Speaking Test: Means of Transport (We give answers to five questions from Part 3 of the speaking test.)
IELTS Speaking Test: Arriving Early and Being Patient (We give answers to six questions from Part 3 of the speaking test.)
City Life Going out
Cities - Talk about your area
Cities - Advantages and Disadvantages of Urban Life
Countryside - Advantages and Disadvantages of Rural Life
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